Blue Economy and Marine Conservation: Safeguarding Mediterranean MPAs to achieve Good Environmental Status

Our reports


The PHAROS4MPAs project explores how Mediterranean MPAs are affected by maritime activities and provides a set of practical recommendations for MPA managers, MSP authorities and businesses on how the environmental impacts of 7 sectors can be prevented or minimized.



CNR - Istituto di scienze marine - presented PHAROS4MPAs activities and main results during the first National MSP Training under UNESCO-IOC MSPglobal initiative.

On 14-16th October, the University of Girona (UdG) participated to an international event on Biodiversity Protection and management, organized by the PANACeA project.

Presentation of the PHAROS4MPAs recommendations to the Aquaculture Advisory Council in Brussels.




Thinking beyond MPA borders

The current “blue growth” trend in the Mediterranean Sea is accelerating at an unsustainable pace. There is an urgent need for integrated ocean management throughout the whole basin. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) safeguard marine ecosystems, processes, habitats and species. They also contribute to the restoration and replenishment of resources for social, economic, and cultural enrichment. Many economic sectors have traditionally functioned within or near protected areas.

The current EU Blue Growth strategy means that MPAs face increased requests for economic development within their limits, with greater pressure and impact on the marine environment. Mediterranean Maritime Spatial Planning Authorities will have to take MPAs into account, as foreseen by the commitments stemming from the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Habitats Directive, if they want to progress towards a Good Ecological Status for the Mediterranean Sea.

There is a wealth of published results and recommendations regarding MPAs and their interaction with economic sectors, yet an integrated approach for the Mediterranean is lacking. The PHAROS4MPAs project seeks to capitalise on existing results and ultimately deliver an integrated framework for recommendations on collaboration between Mediterranean MPAs and major maritime sectors.

PHAROS4MPAS in numbers


Project partners

Economic sectors


months duration


M€ project budget