Why & How
The development of Blue Economy and Maritime Spatial Planning in the Mediterranean represents a transnational challenge for MPAs.
Many maritime sectors are increasingly likely to operate more frequently inside and in the vicinity of MPAs with resulting increased environmental impacts. At the same time, the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive aims to reach Good Environmental Status for European Seas by 2020, towards which each Member State is required to develop a strategy for its marine waters.
The activities of many maritime sectors (transport and ports, offshore renewable energy, aquaculture, cruises and leisure and artisanal fisheries) are already affecting many Mediterranean MPAs. Many EU projects and other public initiatives have published results and issued recommendations concerning MPAs and their interaction with economic sectors but an integrated approach is clearly lacking in the Mediterranean.
Capitalizing on existing EU projects and other results, PHAROS4MPAs conceives and delivers an integrated framework for recommendations on the necessary practical collaboration between MPAs and the maritime sectors targeted by the project.
PHAROS4MPAs approaches this complex task in the following way:
- Build the project’s capitalization baseline;
- Establish recommendations among the partnership, including associate partners;
- Develop and implement communication and capitalization tools;
- Create ownership and engage stakeholders to adopt these recommendations.
A transnational approach
The development of a Blue Economy, and simultaneous Maritime Spatial Planning in Mediterranean EU countries is a transnational challenge for all states and for many MPAs. Currently, however, MPA managers tend to address interactions between maritime sectors and protected areas in an isolated manner. Management effectiveness and MPA networking are in their infancy regarding this issue.
The PHAROS4MPAs project will address common territorial challenges through a specific transnational partnership built around:
- The core partnership which includes a mix of NGOs, institutional and scientific partners;
- A large number of associate partners to maximize dissemination, capitalisation and appropriation.